Apply strategic reading to texts, short stories and novels, and any type of reading where the aim is to analyse.
WHY SHOULD STRATEGIC READING BE APPLIED (=tillämpas/användas)?
- Develop a positive attitude towards reading.
- Learn strategies to understand the meaning of a text.
- Explore and understand the genre (=stil).
- To be able to apply critical thinking.
- In order to learn.
Answer the following questions:
- What can you tell about the text from reading the title?
- What do the images and subheadings (=underrubriker) tell you about the text?
- What is the language like in the text?
- What type of text is it? Is it formal or informal?
- Who wrote the text and who is it for?
- What is the purpose (=syftet) of the text?
- Is everything in the text correct or true? How do we know this?
SHORT STORIES AND NOVELS
- Keep a log-book where important events are recorded (written).
What to do if you encounter (=träffar på) difficulties while reading a text!
- Make use of what you already know about the characters, the setting and the topic to help you overcome the difficulties. Based on what has happened/what you have been told, what is likely?
- Make use of genre. What type of story/text are students reading? What is characteristic of stories/texts in this genre? If you know that the story is a tale of horror or fantasy fiction, this might help you develop understandings and expectations.
- Making use of socio-cultural knowledge. What do we know about ways of life, values, customs, and norms in the context in which the story is set or the text is about?
READING FACTUAL TEXTS
There are a few strategies that can be used in order to become a successful reader. Regardless of the type of text you are faced with the strategies described below will help you save time and effort. Ask yourself the following questions:
1. What type of text is it?
Look at the whole text and try to predict what type of text it is.
2. Do you already have any knowledge about the subject?
Try to predict what you are going to read about and use the knowledge that you already have about the subject.
3. Why are you reading the text?
Are you reading for fun or is the purpose of reading for you to answer questions in an exam?
4. Should I be taking notes as I read and highlight what is most important?
Yes, this is always a good strategy to use, whether it is an exam or not.
5. What is the language like in the text?
If it is a exam, skip the words you do not know and try instead to understand what the text is about, without focusing on the words which you do not know.
Depending on your purpose for reading you can after answering these 5 questions start your reading by using any of the strategies below:
Reading quite fast to get an overall idea about what the text is about.
Reading quite fast but looking for any clues or answers to the questions.
3. Close reading
Reading slowly and carefully to be able to understand everything and to be able to answer questions about the reading. Reading and re-reading. Look at details in the text, as well as, the big picture.
Sometimes you can apply all three strategies at the same time. Doing this is a very good strategy for understanding a text and what it is about.
Fredriksson, M. (2013) The English Handbook. Förlag: Natur & Kultur, Stockholm.