To find out more about prepositions of time, please watch the following video.


To find out more about prepositions, please watch the following video.


PREPOSITIONS – DIRECTION: to and towards

Some prepositions show where something is going. They are called prepositions of direction.

USAGE of to and towards

To (=till (riktning) – is normally used with a verb showing movement which also shows the result of the movement in which direction or towards which place or person. 

Towards (=mot, i riktning mot) – is used when the movement is show but not the result.

To – to express movement towards something and actually getting there.

  • Sara is going to the dentist tomorrow.
  • Sara walks to work every day.
  • Sara was driving to the park (this was also her end destination).

Towards – to express movement in the direction of something.

  • Sara turned towards Sam to ask him a question.
  • Sara was driving the car towards the park (not necessarily meaning that this was her end destination).

To is used more often than towards and can be used instead of towards.

Towards however cannot be used instead of to.

Examples: 

  • When I saw Sarah she was walking to her office.
  • When I saw Sarah she was walking towards her office.
  • Sarah walks to work every day.
  • Sarah walks towards work everyday.

NO PREPOSITION 

  • Home* – Sarah went home (note: I was at home).
  • Downtown – She lives downtown.
  • Uptown – Sam lives uptown (in New York city).
  • Inside – He went inside because it was cold.
  • Outside – They went outside.
  • Downstairs – Let’s go downstairs.
  • Upstairs – Let’s go upstairs.

*Home in this example is behaving as an adverb expressing direction. No prepositions is needed with home in this case when it is used with a verb referring to direction.

Once you arrive home, you are then at home and no more direction is suggested, so at is then the appropriate preposition to use with home.

Example:

  • Will you be at home tonight or are you going out? No, I’ll be at home. ~ I’ll pop round and see you then.

1. NOUNS and PREPOSITIONS

approval of
awareness of
belief in
concern for
confusion about
desire for

fondness for
grasp of
hatred of
hope for
interest in
love of

need for
participation in
reason for
respect for
success in
understanding of

Examples:

  • The charity raised awarness of breast cancer.
  • Sara participated in the event.
  • Sara has a great interest in charity work.

2. ADJECTIVES and PREPOSITIONS

afraid of
angry at
aware of
capable of
careless about
familiar with

fond of
happy about
interested in
jealous of
made of
married to

proud of
similar to
sorry for
sure of
tired of
worried about

Examples:

  • Sara was pleased with the outcome of the business deal.
  • Sara was very suspicious of her boss.
  • Sara was satisfied with her job at the law firm.

3. VERBS and PREPOSITIONS

apologize for
ask about
ask for
belong to
bring up
care for
find out

give up
grow up
look for
look forward to
look up
make up
pay for

prepare for
study for
talk about
think about
trust in
work for
worry about

Examples:

  • Sara wanted to find out more about participating in charity work.
  • She did not want to worry about things.
  • Sara wanted to work for a charity.
IN
(the) bed*
the bedroom
the car
(the) class*
the library*
school*
AT
class*
home
the library*
the office
school*
work
ON
the bed*
the ceiling
the floor
the horse
the plane
the train
NO PREPOSITION
downstairs
downtown
inside
outside
upstairs
uptown

* You may sometimes use different prepositions for these locations.


To learn more about prepositions and their usage, download prepositional phrases.


 

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