Adverbs are words that tell you more about verbs, adjectives and other adverbs. Many adverbs end in -ly. You make these adverbs by adding -ly to adjectives.

  • Joyful – Joyfully – Sara danced around joyfully. (Answers the question: how did she dance around?)
  • Brave – Bravely
  • Happy – Happily
  • Graceful – Gracefully
  • She writes neatly.
  • The traffic was moving slowly.
  • We waited patiently to see the doctor.
  • They waved goodbye sadly.
  • David sings beautifully.
  • The children walked quickly into the classroom.

But…

Some words that end in -ly are not adverbs. Some adjectives end in -ly too.

Example: Sam was feeling very lonely. She was wearing a lovely dress. It was a very lively party.


Adverb phrases

Adverbs give more information about verbs and answer the questions: how, when, how often and where.

Adverb phrases are groups of words that functions as single adverbs to describe the action of the verb.

Are you sitting in a comfortable chair?
Mr. Dickson always dresses in fashionable clothes.

He draws cartoons like a real cartoonist.
The train arrived on time.


These are also known as adverbs of manner, place and time.

How (manner)?

  • Angrily
  • Merrily
  • Cheerfully
  • Nervously

When (time)?

  • Afterwards
  • Before
  • Early
  • Lately

How often (time)?

  • Always
  • Annualy
  • Daily
  • Never

Where (place)?

  • Above
  • Around
  • Here
  • Everywhere

Adjectives that become adverbs by adding -ly:

  • Joyful – Joyfully – Sara danced around joyfully. (Answers the question: how did she dance around?)
  • Brave – Bravely
  • Happy – Happily
  • Graceful – Gracefully

Tricky adverbs

  • Badly – worse – worst
  • Far – further/father – furthest/farthest
  • Little – less – least
  • Much – more – most
  • Well – better – best

To learn more about adverbs, please watch the following videos.




 

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